Institute for Human Biology
Introducing Human Biology
What is Human Biology ?
Human Biology is a continuation of classical Greek Natural Philosophy that studied human life in context.
Human Biology studies those aspects of human life that are tangible and logically understandable - a human organism (human anatomy) in function interacting with its environment under the known Laws of Nature (e.g. physics, chemistry).
Human Biology explains human behaviour scientifically and logically based on laws of nature as a logic scientific alternative to limited theorems of Psychology.
There is virtually no human activity whatsoever - private, leisure, social, professional - to that an understanding of Human Biology could not contribute substantially; particularly so when it comes to vital actions such as sleeping, learning, eating, communicating, relationships, mental and physical healing and staying healthy etc.
Education, Community planning, technology design, economy, politics, and in particular all health professions can benefit enormously from considering human nature in order to be beneficial to society.
Human Biology also
bridges, and supports spiritual
aspects of being human. It is the fundamentally useful
natural science about how to skilfully
operate your physical body, the biological "vehicle of your soul".
Purpose of Human Biology
Human Biology studies how and to what purpose a human organism (anatomy) interacts at all times with the totality of its environment, which includes other humans as part. In other words, Human Biology studies human anatomy performing the continuous action of living.
the biological definition of Behaviour is the action called living. It is the action of physically and energetically interacting with environment and self-maintaining the anatomical form.
Human Biology provides a detailed and consequent logic scientific explanation of human behaviour that offers practically applicable understanding and may differ significantly from the theorems of Psychology, which assume existence of a "Psyche" to explain behaviour.
Human Biology studies Life Dynamics and Interactions of the human organism based on its anatomy and physiology subjected to the Laws of Nature.
Human Biology is a multidisciplinary integrating systemic science. The purpose is to practically apply multidisciplinary natural science and a functional understanding of living human anatomy - its requirements, limitations, and possibilities - in order to improve human life.
The purpose of Human Biology is to
the most fundamental questions dictated by the human body blueprint
(anatomy and physiology) functioning under the Laws of Nature:
In modern science Human Biology holds
quite a unique position as a
natural science for two reasons. Human Biology
Human Biology has a profoundly
fundamental and very practical global task: Improve human life
conditions towards biologically ideal individual existence and optimum
conditions for continuation of the species.
Human Biology has a precise definition of what “ideal” means. In common terms, "ideal" means optimum mental and physical health and consequently optimum emotional balance.
This can be achieved by every individual by interacting optimally (behaviour) with an optimal environment. Both optima are ultimately defined be the "design" of the human organism (anatomy) and the framework of the Laws of Nature.
The Quest of Human Biology is to
determine these optima in order to serve society with suggestions how
to achieve them.
Most mainstream research focuses on structure and biomechanical processes. This common quest is called Physiology, finding answers to “how things work”. Physiological data are of little benefit to society; they are only useful to develop repair methodologies for structures and processes that are considered to be"malfunctioning".
The method of physiological research cannot reveal any information about function or purposes of processes nor about systemic interaction with environment, behavioural aspects of life, or functional causes.
The action of living cannot be fixed or repaired. It can be hindered or improved.
Human Biology studies functions and purposes of anatomy and its physiological processes. The science finds answers to “why and to what purpose" these processes happen in a dynamic multidimensional system of that a human organism is integral part.
This systemic Quest of
Human Biology is
The Greek word
(ergon) means “function”. Understanding functions
(to what purpose something happens) can serve to support and optimize the action
The Quest of Human
Biology goes far
reactive symptom-fighting and repair attempts. It's quest is
to detect purposes,
as-well-as to proactively determine optimal
functional condition for human life.
Human Biology studies functions and purposes - Ergonomy. Functions and Purposes cannot be observed, they can only be concluded (see Mathematics). Researching functions is intellectually magnitudes more demanding than any observational study or lab research that is basically simple physiological data collection and statistical data processing.
Ergonomic research requires absolute consequent logic discipline. It requires neutral analysis, systematic thinking, and the capacity to create logical conclusion by avoiding any assumption.
Common observational research first develops a thesis (assumption) and then attempts to confirm it experimentally or statistically. Assumptions have no place in Human Biology. The research procedure in Human Biology asks a neutral question, collect appropriate interdisciplinary scientific information, and answers the question with strictly logical conclusions; it is the classical Aristotelian method of logical science.
The greatest and unique challenge of Human Biology is that its object of interest are individuals of a living species that has ignorantly self-domesticated itself to a point where it can no longer be observed in its near-optimum environmental habitat today.
There are virtually no longer any organic free-run humans existing on the planet that could be observed for relevant scientific reference.
There are virtually only consequent scientific logical conclusions based on human anatomy and physiology and known laws of nature left that can be beneficial to humanity in terms of improved health, quality of life, and existential chances for future generations.
Human Biology as a natural science
has the intellectually challenging task to deliver this type of
fundamentally vital information to society.
History of Human Biology
The 5 last centuries B.C. were the
golden age of integrative human
science in the Western world on a level that is not reached again
today. Natural philosophy evolved into human science that reached a
peak around the 4th century B.C. with the most
prominent human scientists
(natural philosophers) of classical ancient Greek such as Pythagoras,
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle etc.
the great natural philosopher and scientist became the educator and life-long advisor of Alexander the Great that founded the first center of knowledge we know of in the Western world – the academy and libraries of Alexandria (today's Egypt). Alexandria had the declared purpose of collecting, recording, exchanging and discussing contextual knowledge about human life and the functioning of the cosmos.
In those days long past, all
sciences had the direct practical purpose to
proactively increase human quality of life.
In the 4th century BC, another Greek called Hippocrates founded a trade school with the declared purpose to correct and treat individual malfunctions as defined by symptoms. That school evolved into today’s medicine and healing arts. Medicine - up to today - is no human science. Medicine is by definition and intent a trade, the profession of applying treatment methodologies and technologies.
Dark Ages of Human Science
All Western sciences - in particular human sciences - suffered a severe blow when the academies and libraries of Alexandria were destroyed by two consecutive Roman invasions during the 1st century BC. Recorded wisdom evolved and recorded over millenia was lost. It is a gigantic loss of wisdom from that human sciences have not recovered up to today.
After Caesar's death in the first
century BC, the Roman Empire started
to disintegrate. Science in all fields became
scattered and no longer had the cultural conditions to bloom.
In the 4th century A.D. in an increasing political chaos, Roman emperors Constantine the Great and Theodosius I progressively imposed a purposefully constructed manipulative state religion by force in an attempt to keep the pieces of their fractured empire together.
The dogmas of this state religion were in clear conflict with the long established logics of natural science. In particular human science became a threat to authoritative power and was prosecuted as heretic activity on death penalty.
Public education collapsed. The vast majority of the population eventually became illiterate. Knowledge provided to a selcted few was strictly controlled. This terminal political blow to human science still affects us today.
Europe dove subsequently into a full millennium of wars and famines. Knowledge as such was locked under close guard and accessible only to a selected few. Around the 13th century A.D. (Renaissance) the first isolated attempts to revive some kind of natural science were made – initially against enormous political and religious resistance (e.g. Galileo Galilei).
One of the most self-destructive dogmas that were imposed 1,500 years ago is the belief in human supremacy as carte-blanche god-like inhabitants of the planet. This arrogant and ignorant dogma threw human life ultimately out of its natural context. The dogma is obviously widely unchallenged till today – also in scientific circles.
Broad basic schooling was re-established barely 150 years before present. Public literaciy only gradually started to come back. Since, progress has been focusing on technology and specialization. Human science (making beneficial sense of knowledge) is still very much neglected today. Up to today, we humans apply scientific logics to absolutely everything else out there but still leave ourselves ignorantly out of the play.
A full revival of a integrating human
science after almost two millennia of scientific Dark Age has not
yet taken place. Human Biology as a life science is not taught
at any college or university. Isolated courses offered under this title
do not go beyond physiology (e.g. neurophysiology) and do not get
anywhere near any Systemic Ergonomy. Till today, vital
scientific information regarding
living an anatomically optimal human life is
not delivered to society by modern sciences.
Thomas A. Edison inadvertently invented Sleep Deprivation. Reportedly, it took him 10'000 attempts to do so.
An almost complete lack of understanding of the biology of being human affects dramatically in particular also the entire field of medicine and psychiatry and is probably one of the main reasons for the absurd and intolerable situation that medical mistakes have become the third most prominent cause of unnatural death in the USA.
Leaders, educators, designers, technology developers, economists etc. impacting daily life of everyone lack the most fundamental basic understanding required to proactively work towards lasting life quality improvements and a sustainable humanity. The present course obviously goes in an opposite and devastating direction.
Gratitude and Reference
A deep and heartfelt Interest in Human Nature has probably always been one of the strongest motivators for shamans, philosophers 1), doctors 2), alchemists, natural scientists, novelists, and wise people of every human culture on this planet.
With gratitude and admiration I mention just a few great scientists and thinkers that have contributed enormously to a better understanding of what it biologically means to be human (click on the names to read about their lives):
Particular admiration also to those wise people of other cultures that do not write any books, issue any peer-reviewed scientific papers, and o not holde glamurous TV shows or speeches at conventions but instead serve their people directly and efficiently in form of practical hands-on guidance and education as to how to live an integrated, fulfilling, healthy, useful, and joyful human life with dignity and grace.
Let's follow their model example and
humbly serve society as a whole to our best
1) Philosopher: Greek for "Seeker of Wisdom".
Doctor: Latin for "Teacher" (not for
2015 Institute for Human Biology – Martin H. Gremlich